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What is human trafficking?

The United Nations (UN) Protocol 2000 defines trafficking in human beings as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of intimidation, force or other forms of coercion, deception, fraud, abuse of power or the vulnerability of another person to pay or receive tax or other benefits for the purpose of obtaining consent for the purpose of the latter’s exploitation by another person. Exploitation includes prostitution or other sexual exploitation, forced labor, services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, or the removal of organs.

Trafficking in human beings is considered:

  • Sexual exploitation

  • Exploitation for work

  • Organ trafficking

  • Exploitation of a woman for surrogacy

  • Exploitation of children at work

  • Child pornography

  • Exploitation of children for military purposes

  • Drug trafficking

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